Collective action plays a vital role in many aspects of human interaction, including income generation, risk reduction, and public service provision. Experience has shown that institutions of collective action play an important role in how people use natural resources, which in turn shapes the outcomes of production systems. Many government devolution policies and community-driven development (CDD) programs are fundamentally premised upon collective action.
Collective action refers both to the process by which voluntary institutions are created and maintained and to the groups that decide to act together. Collective action can assume various forms ranging from voluntary self-help groups to formal organizations that aim to manage a community's natural resources or to advocate for political change at the national level.
Integrating a gender perspective into applied research on collective action is imperative because institutions themselves are gendered and either challenge or reinforce existing social roles. Gender also often serves as an organizing principle for community action and may have implications for the efficiency and effectiveness of collective action.
This workshop brought together researchers and practitioners from various social science disciplines to investigate how gender-oriented analysis and action can foster more effective collective action in the context of agriculture and natural resource management. It addressed the following themes:
- Motivations for engaging in collective action: Do women and men mobilize over different issues? How do gender roles influence women's and men's ability and willingness to engage in collective action? If collective action is externally initiated, do gender stereotypes privilege particular groups over others?
- Effectiveness of collective action: Do women and men assume different roles in different types of collective action?How does the gender composition of collective action groups affect their strength and effectiveness? What are the conditions under which mixed or single-sexed groups perform more effectively?
- Impacts of collective action on gender relations: Are there trade-offs between empowering women or men and the economic goals of collective action? Without addressing the gendered dimensions of collective action, do we risk contributing to the disempowerment of women? How can collective action be used to stimulate gender-equitable change processes?
Papers presented at the conference are currently undergoing revision to be released as CAPRi Working Papers. The versions presented at the conference are accessible below as drafts not for citation, since revisions are expected.
Lauren Pandolfelli, Ruth Meinzen-Dick, and Stephan Dohrn. CAPRi Working Paper 64. Washington, DC: IFPRI. 2007.
Marie Godquin and Agnes R. Quisumbing. CAPRi Working Paper 55. Washington DC: IFPRI. 2006.
Gender Differences in Mobilization for Collective Action: Case Studies of Villages in Northern Nigeria
Saratu Abdulwahid. CAPRi Working Paper 58. Washington DC: IFPRI. 2006.
Gatarwa Kariuki and Frank Place. CAPRi Working Paper 43. Washington DC: IFPRI. 2005.
Motivation for collective action: A case study of Western Kenya
by Jane K. Njuguna and Corinne Valdivia
Full Text (PDF 268K)
Gender relations and management of multiple water use system in Ethiopia
by Michiko Ebato and Barbara van Koppen
Full Text (PDF 323K)
Krishna P. Acharya and Popular Gentle. CAPRi Working Paper 54. Washington DC: IFPRI. 2006.
Strengthening women's participation through collective action for inclusive decision-making processes: Lessons learned from two villages in Jambi Province, Sumatra, Indonesia
by Yuliana L. Siagian, Brihannala Morgan, Yentirizal, and Neldysavrino
Full Text (PDF 464K)
Elizabeth Were, Brent Swallow, and Jessica Roy. CAPRi Working Paper 51. Washington DC: IFPRI. 2006.
When women say enough is enough: The struggle for drinking water in Villa Jardin, Argentina
by Andrea Andujar
Full Text (PDF 285K)
Do women's groups promote more equity as compared to men's groups? Evidence from Karnataka, India
by D Rajasekhar and R Manjula
Full Text (PDF 432K)
Parvin Sultana and Paul Thompson. CAPRi Working Paper 57. Washington DC: IFPRI. 2006.
Smita Mishra Panda. CAPRi Working Paper 61. Washington, DC: IFPRI. 2006.
When collective action leads to overburdening of rural women
by Edna Luisa Arganosa-Matienzo
Full Text (PDF 243K)
Martina Aruna Padmanabhan. CAPRi Working Paper 56. Washington DC: IFPRI. 2006.
Negotiation processes to develop local policies for gender-sensitive and equitable access and control to benefits from natural resource management: The case of Gununo Watershed, Ethiopia
by Hailemichael Taye, Laura German, W. Mazengina, K. Abere
Ravula Padmaja and Cynthia Bantilan. CAPRi Working Paper 63. Washington, DC: IFPRI. 2007.
Laura German, Hailemichael Taye, Sarah Charamila, Tesema Tolera, and Joseph Tanui. CAPRi Working Paper 52. Washington DC: IFPRI. 2006.
Arun Agrawal, Gautam Yadama, Raul Andrade, and Ajoy Bhattacharya. CAPRi Working Paper 53. Washington DC: IFPRI. 2006.
Enid Katungi, Svetlana Edmeades, and Melinda Smale. CAPRi Working Paper 59. Washington, DC: IFPRI. 2006.