The Role of Collective Action and Property Rights in Climate Change Strategies
Resources, Rights, and Cooperation: A Sourcebook on Property Rights and Collective Action for Sustainable Development. Washington DC: CAPRi, IFPRI.
The six "ins" of climate-smart agriculture: Inclusive institutions for information, innovation, investment, and insurance
Meinzen-Dick, R., Bernier, Q., Haglund, E. CAPRi Working Paper 114. Washington DC: IFPRI. 2013
This paper reviews the central role of institutions for climate-smart agriculture (CSA), focusing on the role of institutions in promoting inclusivity, providing information, enabling local level innovation, encouraging investment, and offering insurance to enable smallholders, women, and poor resource-dependent communities to adopt and benefit from CSA. We discuss the role of state, collective action, and market institutions at multiple levels, with particular attention to the importance of local-level institutions and institutional linkages across levels
The role of collective action and property rights in climage change strategies
Meinzen-Dick, R., Markelova, H., Moore, K. CAPRi Policy Brief 7. Washington DC: IFPRI. 2010
The well-documented threats posed by climate change are serious and potentially devastating to the global community. The geographic areas that are most susceptible to the effects of climate change, such as increased droughts and flooding, are also the regions where the majority of the world’s poor live. Evidence suggests that these effects may be especially severe for disadvantaged communities in developing countries that have few assets, such as fiscal resources and physical capital, and few income diversification opportunities, which severely limits their ability to cope or adapt to climate changes.
Agriculture and climate change: The importance of property rights in climate change mitigation
Markelova, H., Meinzen-Dick, R. 2020 Vision Focus Brief 16(10). Washington DC: IFPRI. 2009
In the agricultural sector, climate change mitigation calls for changing some agricultural and resource management practices and technologies and often requires additional investment. However, there is an opportunity in agriculture for net benefit streams from a variety of zero- or low-cost mitigation opportunities ranging from agroforestry practices and restoration of degraded soils to zero-till and other land-management practices. Momentum has been generated to incorporate agriculture into carbon markets, potentially allowing smallholder farmers to access benefit streams from such transactions.
An innovation systems approach to enhanced farmer adoption of climate-ready germplasm and agronomic practices
Hellin, T., Beuchelt T., Camacho C., Badstue L., Govaerts B., Donnet L.,Riis-Jacobsen,J. CAPRi Working Paper 116. Washington DC: IFPRI. 2014
By 2050, climate change is likely to reduce maize production globally by 3–10 percent and wheat production in developing countries by 29–34 percent. Even without climate change, the real costs of wheat and maize will increase by 60 percent between 2000 and 2050; climate change could make the figure substantially greater. Food security, despite the above, may be possible if agricultural systems are transformed through improved seed, fertilizer, land use, and governance.
Interventions for Achieving Sustainability in Tropical Forest and Agricultural Landscapes
Newton, P., Agrawal A.,Wollenberg L. CAPRi Working Paper 110. Washington DC:IFPRI.2013
The rapid expansion of commodity agriculture in tropical forest landscapes is a key driver of deforestation. To meet the growing demand from a more prosperous and expanding global population, it is imperative to develop sustainable commodity supply chains that support higher agricultural productivity, and that enable improved environmental, economic, and social outcomes. Interventions by community, market, and state actors can enhance the sustainability of supply chains by affecting where and how agricultural production occurs. Global datasets were used to document the trends in deforestation and commodity agriculture production and a framework was developed to facilitate analyses of commodity supply chains across multiple interventions, commodities, and countries.
Localizing Demand and Supply of Environmental Services: Interaction With Property Rights, Collective Action, and the Welfare of the Poor
Swallow B., Meinzen-Dick R., van Noordwijk, M. CAPRi Working Paper 42. Washington DC: IFPRI. 2005.
Payments for environmental services (PES) are increasingly discussed as appropriate mechanisms for matching the demand for environmental services with the incentives of land users whose actions modify the supply of those environmental services. While there has been considerable discussion of the institutional mechanisms for PES, relatively little attention has been given to the inter-relationships between PES institutions and other rural institutions. This paper presents and builds upon the proposition that both the function and welfare effects of PES institutions depend crucially on the co-institutions of collective action (CA) and property rights (PR).
The Effects of Scales, Flows and Filters on Property Rights and Collective Action in Watershed Management
Swallow B., Garrity D., van Noordwijk, M. CAPRi Working Paper 16. Washington DC: IFPRI. 2001.
Research and policy on property rights, collective action and watershed management requires good understanding of ecological and socio-political processes at different social-spatial scales. On-farm soil erosion is a plot or farm-level problem that can be mitigated through more secure property rights for individual farmers, while the sedimentation of streams and deterioration of water quality are larger-scale problems that may require more effective collective action and / or more secure property rights at the village or catchment scale. Differences in social-political contexts across nations and regions also shape property rights and collective action institutions. For example, circumstances in the Lake Victoria basin in East Africa require particular attention to collective action and property rights problems in specific "hot spot" areas where insecure tenure leads to overuse or under-investment. Circumstances in the uplands of Southeast Asia require analysis of the opportunities for negotiating more secure rights for farmers in exchange for stronger collective action by farmer groups for maintaining essential watershed functions.