Why Tenure is Key to Fulfilling Climate and Ethical Goals in REDD+
Sunderlin W. REDD+ Safeguards Briefs. CIFOR
REDD+ is being established in places where tenure contestation and conflict are common. Project proponents must pay prior attention to tenure for
five reasons, including ensuring REDD+ interventions do not unduly harm
existing rights and livelihoods. Considerable challenges in establishing a tenure foundation for REDD+ have emerged, and policy change on tenure is necessary if REDD+ is to meet its objectives.
Taking Stock of Carbon Rights in REDD+ Candidate Countries: Concept Meets Reality
Loft et al 2015. Forests 6 (4)
In the discourses on who should benefit from national REDD+ implementation, rights-based approaches are prominent across various countries. Options on how to create viable property rights arrangements are currently being debated by scholars, policy makers and practitioners alike. Many REDD+ advocates argue that assigning carbon rights represents a solution to insecure individual and community property rights. But carbon rights, i.e., the bundle of legal rights to carbon sequestered in biomass, present their own set of theoretical and practical challenges. We assess the status and approaches chosen in emerging carbon-rights legislations in five REDD+ countries based on a literature review and country expert knowledge: Peru, Brazil, Cameroon, Vietnam and Indonesia. We find that most countries assessed have not yet made final decisions as to the type of benefit sharing mechanisms they intend to implement and that there is a lack of clarity about who owns rights to carbon as a property and who is entitled to receive benefits. However, there is a trend of linking carbon rights to land rights. As such, the technical and also political challenges that land tenure clarification has faced over the past decades will still need to be addressed in the context of carbon rights.